`The mosques are broken by the righteous, the temples are broken by the righteous, but they claim that they are righteous, and those who do not break, are unrighteous or unbelievers.`
With valor and fortitude, he presented such discrepancies in society in his writings. He was a fierce spokesperson of secularism, opposition to military rule, feminism, and a patron of women empowerment. His religious and political beliefs and personal inclinations greatly influenced his literature. Humayun Azad is one of the most acclaimed and celebrated figures of Bangladesh and regarded as a poet, novelist, storyteller, critic, researcher, linguist and political commentator of Bangladesh.
Humayun Azad was born in 1947 in Kamargaon in his hometown of Bikrampur in Munshiganj district. His real name was Humayun Kabir. A meritorious student Humayun passed the Secondary in 1962 and Higher Secondary from Dhaka College in 1964. He secured first class first in graduation and post-graduation from Dhaka University.Then he went at the University of Edinburgh for obtaining a
Then he went at the University of Edinburgh for obtaining a Ph.D. degree; Humayun Azad researched morphology and syntax of Bangla language based on the framework of the original transformational theory of Noam Chomsky. Through this, the Bengali Language was first introduced to modern scientific language system. In 1976 Humayun earned his Ph.D. in Linguistics from the University of Edinburgh.
During the early days of his career, Humayun Azad joined Chittagong University as a lecturer. At the end of 1972, he joined Bangla Department of Jahangirnagar University as a lecturer.Six years later, he moved
Six years later, he moved to the University of Dhaka as an Associate Professor and later on served as Chairman and Professor of Bangla Department of the same university. In 1983, the paper, titled “Pronominalization in Bengali,” was published from the University of Dhaka on the same subject that he had obtained his Ph.D. in from Edinburgh.
In the following year, in 1984, he published a Bangla book called “বাক্যতত্ত্ব“ (Sentinel) on language syntax. Two volumes of a sectional compilation of Bangla Language were also published later that year. Later on, he wrote two short introductory texts on comparative-historical linguistics and economics.
Since the late 1980`s, Humayun Azad started speaking in media about contemporary politics. In 1991, his writings were able to stir the educated reader community of this country.
The publishing of feministic research-based book “Nari” created much hype among the mass. The book was banned in Bangladesh from 1995 to 2000. This book is also acknowledged as one of his most widely researched works.
Humayun Azad`s another controversial yet acclaimed book ‘`Second Gender’’ was released in 2001 which was confiscated by the then Bangladeshi government.
In 2003, he published a series of criticisms against the then ruling government under the book ‘আমরা কি এই বাংলাদেশ চেয়েছিলাম.` Fundamentalism was growing large in Bangladesh.The same year Humayun Azad’s most feministic, controversial and sexually explicit book. `
The same year Humayun Azad’s most feministic, controversial and sexually explicit book `Paak Sar Jamin Saad Baad` was published which alleged Jamaat-e-Islam as a fascist organization. The book earned him a backlash from a particular society in the country.Later on his way back to his residence at the Dhaka University campus from Ekushey Book Fair, he was brutally attacked by fanatics.
Later on his way back to his residence at the Dhaka University campus from Ekushey Book Fair, he was brutally attacked by fanatics.
On August 7, 2004, Humayun Azad went to Germany with a research scholarship on German poet Heinrich Hain. On August 11, he suddenly fell into the lap of death. The next day he was found dead in his apartment.
Professor Humayun Azad was an anti-traditional and multidimensional writer. The number of his published books is more than 70. He wrote about 10 texts, 13 novels, 22 critiques, 8 adolescents, 7 books on linguistics which were published in his lifetime and after his death.He was awarded the ‘Bangla Academy Award’ in 1986 and ‘Ekushey Padak’ in 2012 (posthumously) for his contribution to overall literary work and linguistics.
He was awarded the ‘Bangla Academy Award’ in 1986 and ‘Ekushey Padak’ in 2012 (posthumously) for his contribution to overall literary work and linguistics.
Bangla Insider/ MA