Subhash Mukhopadhyay is one of the main poets of the 40`s. At the age of only 21, he was vocal against the financial plight and helplessness of the middle-class Bengalis. This pioneer of Marxist poetry emerged with the collective conscience excluding the personal consciousness of poets of the 30’s. So, his poems became the poems of the masses. As a result, even after being a poet of the forties he represents the opinion of the masses of all-time. Today marks 16th death anniversary of this great poet of Bengali literature.
Though poetry was his main literary field, he was celebrated in rhymes, travelogues, economics related writings, translations, novels, biographies, children and adolescents write-ups. He edited and translated many write-ups and poems written by foreign writers into Bengali. From the 1940s, his non-romantic candid poetry was followed by subsequent poets. He went down to society`s grassroots level and reflected the actual scenario in his poem directly, but still his poem is devoid of abomination. That is the most important credit of the poet.
Even before Subhash, communism existed in Bengali poetry through Kazi Nazrul Islam, Sukanta Bhattacharya, and Samar Sen. But pre-Shubhash communist poets were not confident communist. Subhash Mukhopadhyay was first recognized to be a communist poet. He was an active political activist like Manik Bandopadhyay. Subhash Mukhopadhyay is a rare combination of politics and poetry. He was unable to study much due to his involvement in political activities.
Political subsistence has been a priority if we analyze Subhash Mukhopadhyay`s life and work. He stood on the stage of poetry to give speech like political leaders. Even at one stage, he took complete recess from poem to get him involved in politics. For the sake of the promotion of special political ideology he wrote poetry and made a separation from it for the sake of politics. His political identity is superior to his Parnassian identity.
At the age of only 21, while still a student, he published his first volume of poetry ‘Padatik’. His first book attracted the attention of the critiques. Many critiques regard this book as a milestone in the development of modern Bengali poetry. Then his ground breaking poetries like Agnikone, Chirkut, PhulPhutuk,JotoDureii Jai, KaalModhumash were published subsequently.
Subhash is quite different from other communist writers of the Bengali literature. He is regarded as the first clear and confident Marxist poet. On his death anniversary today, we remember him with great respect.
Bangla Insider/ SM