Bangladesh, a country with everlasting greenery, is often compared with a magical tapestry in green woven intricately by nature. Recently, this beautiful country is passing through a hard time due to one of the most pressing issues of the world, the climate change. According to National Geographic, Bangladesh is among the most vulnerable nations to the impacts of climate change because of its Geographical location, flat and low-lying landscape, population density, poverty, illiteracy, lack of institutional setup etc.
Extreme weather events have already been wreaking havoc on the people of this country. They`re also causing a shift in migration and poverty patterns. Rising temperature could affect living standards in diverse ways. Top among them are fall in agricultural and labor productivity and many infectious diseases resulting in lost productivity and income. Moreover, the adverse effects of Climate Change– especially increase in temperature, sea-level rise, cyclones and storm surges, salinity intrusion, heavy monsoon downpours etc. have aggravated the overall economic development scenario of the country to a great extent.
The climate change poses a major threat to public health. Devastating floods, cyclones and other environmental disasters linked to climate change are threatening the lives and futures of more than 19 million children in Bangladesh, the UNICEF report shows. Longer-term changes such as rising sea levels are pushing families deeper into poverty and forcing some from their homes, disrupting children`s education and access to health services. Bangladesh ranked ninth in the Global Climate Risk Index 2019, which said it was the seventh worst hit by climate change between 1998 and 2017, with 37 million people affected.
UNICEF recognizes that sustainable development cannot be realized if Bangladesh remains vulnerable to the effects of climate change where facts like the development, participation and protection of children are under risk.
Addressing climate change is a national priority. Bangladesh is recognized internationally for the precautions the country has taken against the risk. Bangladesh has invested more than $10 billion in climate change actions – increasing the capacity of government agencies, strengthening river embankments, building emergency cyclone shelters and resilient homes and implementing early warning and emergency management systems.
Despite the considerable progress in this field, the country is still under severe risk. Therefore, a new advocacy and public health movement is urgently needed to bring climate and health disciplines together to adapt to the effects of climate change in Bangladesh.