April 10, 1971. A small region on the banks of the Bay of Bengal was plagued by war, destruction, genocide. However, the apparent inoffensive people of the region started the resistance of war by then. Millions of refugees took shelter in neighboring India in order to escape deaths and indescribable torture. In such a darkest period of time, Akashvani Kolkata broadcast strange news. The radio station announced the news of the formation of the expatriate government of that war-torn ravaged nation in their news bulletin on 10 April. Within a matter of time, this news was broadcast on the radio, TVs around the world. Magazines and newspapers in the world prominently published the news of the formation of a country`s expatriate government on 11 April. Along with the announcement of new government, hope and joy returned to that land.
Today marks the historic 10 April, the Formation Day of Mujibnagar Government. In order to conduct the Bangladesh Liberation War this government was formed on 10 April 1971 after the declaration of independence on 26 March 1971. Announcing Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman the President, Syed Nazrul Islam Vice-President and Tajuddin Ahmad Prime Minister, the expatriate government of People`s Republic of Bangladesh had been formed. The cabinet of this government took oath on 17 April, 1971 at Mujibnagar. This government had also been known as Mujibnagar Government in-exile, as the activities of the government had been conducted from outside of the territory of Bangladesh.
The necessity of a formal government emerged after the brutal atrocity carried by Pakistani invading forces on March 25 and the subsequent arrest of Bangabandhu on March 26. In order to manage the policy that stated `First self-defense, then preparation and lastly counter attack` to an organized way, the Mujibnagar Government was formed with 12 ministries.
Although all-round resistance war started against Pakistani occupation forces after the declaration of independence on 26 March, but the need of an official government soon emerged to organize and coordinate the freedom fighters and to get international support for the liberation war. In this situation, Mujibnagar Government played an unprecedented role in protecting the organizational relationship with the government and the army of India. With the formation of this government, the war against Pakistani invading forces took an extreme form and the victory of Bangladesh accelerated.
Bangla Insider/ SM