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Arthur Miller: Greatest dramatist of 20th century

Feature
Published on : 10 February 2019, 08:17 AM
Arthur Miller: Greatest dramatist of 20th century

American playwright Arthur Miller, whose ‘The death of a salesman’ won him the Pulitzer Prize, died at age 89 on February 10, 2005. It means today marks his 14th death anniversary.

He was married to Marilyn Monroe, the American actress, model, and singer, for five years before they drifted apart in 1961. In the following year, Miller married photographer Inge Morath. Their marriage lasted till January 30, 2002. Even just a month before his death, Miller made public about his romantic engagement with a young painter, fifty-five years younger than him.

The illustrious American dramatist was a critic of American society and politics. In the years of the cold war, he did not remain silent.

His plays had a strong emphasis on family and moral values, as well as personal responsibility. He exposed the then growing fragmentation of the American society in his dramas.

In an interview in 1988, Miller said that most of his works were based on contemporary society. He observed and felt how American families disintegrated as if nothing was meant to be permanent. He used this emotion in plays in the best possible manner.

Miller, who was considered by many to be the most important contemporary playwright in the United States, was already successful in the early years of his career. When his work ‘The death of a salesman’ received the Pulitzer in 1949, the author was only 33 years old.

His marriage to movie star Marilyn Monroe in 1956 catapulted him to fame, though the author said he never sought that kind of publicity.

Arthur Asher Miller was born on October 17, 1915, in New York, to Jewish parents. His family was greatly affected by the depression of the 1930s, and could not afford to send Miller to college. He worked from an early age to pay for his journalism studies at the University of Michigan.

The Fall, The Price, The Archbishop Ceiling, The American Clock, The Ride Down Mt. Morgan, The Last Yankee, and Broken Glass were among his other important works.

Though his plays were originally written to be staged, movies were also made based on Arthur Miller`s plays. A film was made on `The Crucible` in 1996. Daniel Day-Lewis and Winona Ryder starred in `The Crucible`. Miller was nominated for Oscar for the best screenplay for this film.

At the 14th death anniversary of this great dramatist, Bangla Insider remembers him with the utmost respect.

Bangla Insider/ZRM