Today marks the 43rd death anniversary of Ritwik Ghatak, a well-known filmmaker and playwright in Bangla film history. On this day in 1976, he died in Calcutta, West Bengal at the age of 50.
Ritwik Kumar Ghatak, popularly known as Ritwik Ghatak by the film lovers, was born on November 4, 1925, at Jindabazar, Dhaka, East Bengal (present day Bangladesh). He along with his family migrated to Calcutta after the partition of India in 1947. He could never forget the pain of leaving his country behind and taking shelter as a refuge in another country. The crisis of refugees` existence proves deeply in him, and in later life, there is clear evidence of those feelings seen in his films.
Ritwik Ghatak got involved in the writings while he was a student. In 1948, he wrote his first drama Kalo Sayar (The Dark Lake). In the same year, he participated in the revival drama named `Nabanna`. In 1951, he stepped into the film industry with Nimai Ghosh`s `Chinnamul` movie. He worked as an actor and assistant director at the same time in this film. His solo directed film `Nagorik` was released after two years. These two films were able to stir the traditional trend of the Indian films of that time.
Among his famous films, Meghe Dhaka Tara, Komal Gandhar and Subarnarekha (Golden Lining) are the remarkable ones. These three films were identified as the trio, where the situation in the then Kolkata and the harsh reality of refugee status has been revealed. After almost a decade of making the Subarnarekha, he created Titash Ekti Nadir Naam (A River Called Titas) on the basis of the classic creation of Adwaita Mallabarman.
Ritwik Ghatak is the name of a fire. The fire is clearly seen in his directed films. He is a legend in the world of ingenious and realistic films of India. He is only comparable to Satyajit Ray and Mrinal Sen in the Bengali film world. He was awarded the Indian National Award, along with Padmashree for his outstanding contribution to the films.
As a successful artist, Ritwik Ghatak`s greatness is not limited only in the filmy arena. He also had infinite love for humanity. He always dreamed of a classless, non-communal and cultured society. He came down on the streets of Calcutta to help the Bangladeshi refugees in India during the Great Liberation War of 1971.
Ritwik Ghatak is an artist who cannot be tied to any border or time. Artists like him are born once and without any hope of receiving privilege, they do their task. That`s why his creation is still adopted as a wealth of Bengali films even after so many years of his death. On the death anniversary, we remember this great filmmaker with high reverence.