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S N Bose: Scientist of the world from sub-continent

Published on : 04 February 2019, 08:24 AM
S N Bose: Scientist of the world from sub-continent

Once in school, he scored 110 in 100 in the math examination. It was found later that he had solved every question and solved a question in two different ways. The teacher was happy to see the result and gave him 10 extra marks. He is Indian physicist specialized in theoretical physics Satyendra Nath Bose. He is best known for his work on quantum mechanics.This scientist born in Calcutta was not only a strong supporter of practicing science in Bengali language, he had spent his whole life practicing science in Bengali. According to him, those who say that science is not possible in Bengali, they either do not know Bengali or do not understand science. Today marks his 45th death anniversary. On this day of 1974 Bose died in Calcutta at the age of 80.

Satyendra Nath Bose was born in 1894 in North Calcutta on 1 January. While studying at Presidency College, he came in close contact with Acharya Jagdish Chandra Bose and Acharya Prafulla Chandra. Bose chose mixed (applied) mathematics for his BSc and passed the examinations standing first in 1913 and again stood first in the MSc mixed mathematics exam in 1915.

When Ashutosh Mukhopadhyay founded the Calcutta Science College in 1915, he joined as a lecturer there. There he started a joint study with scientists Meghnad Saha about mixed math and physics. When the University of Dhaka was established in 1921, he joined the Department of Physics as a Reader, and in 1924 Bose wrote a paper deriving Planck`s quantum radiation law without any reference to classical physics by using a novel way of counting states with identical particles.

It was an original article and the founding base of quantum statistics. After being failed initially to publish the article, Bose sent it directly to Albert Einstein. Realizing the importance of the article, Einstein translated it into German and took the initiative to publish it in ZeitschriftfürPhysik journal. After the article was published, he got the opportunity to study outside of India and worked with Louis de Broglie, Marie Curie and Einstein for two years.

In 1927 he returned to Dhaka. He stayed in Dhaka until 1945 and returned to Calcutta before the partition. To preserve the memory of Satyendra Nath Bose and show him proper respect the `Boson` particle was named after him because the characteristic of elementary particles was provided with the help of Bose-Einstein statistics of Bose and Einstein.

Many renowned physicists such as Carlo Rubbia, Simon van der Meer, David M Lee, Douglas D Osheroff, Robert C Richardson, MartinusJ  GVeltmanI Gerardus `t Hooft, Eric Allin Cornell, Carl Edwin Wieman, Ges Wolfgang Ketterle got Nobel Prize in Physics researching on Bose–Einstein statistics, Bose–Einstein condensate and Boson but unfortunately Bose was not awarded the Nobel Prize.

Rabindranath Tagore dedicated his only book written on science, Visva–Parichay, to Satyendra Nath Bose. Indian Government honors him withtitle Padma Vibhushan in 1954.  He was appointed as the National Professor in 1959, the highest honour in the country for a scholar. In 1986, the S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences was established by an act of Parliament in Calcutta.

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