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Suhrawardy: A vigilant sentinel of democracy

Feature Desk
Published on : 05 December 2018, 08:13 AM
Suhrawardy: A vigilant sentinel of democracy


Today marks the 55th death anniversary of discreet politician and lawyer Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy. On this day of 1963, he died in

Beirut, Lebanon at the age of 71. Suhrawardy is one of them who played a vital role in the anti-British independence movement and in every possible issue related to the Indian Muslims. Through the great political effort of the prudent politicians, our region has been blessed with the good start of democracy, Suhrawardy is notable among those politicians. Till his last breath he possessed with the thought that there is no alternative to democracy in establishing political rights. His aim was to uphold democratic spirit beyond all covetousness, interests and power.

Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy was born on September 8, 1892 in the renowned `Suhrawardy` family of Calcutta. Since his childhood he was very meritorious. Traditionally meritorious Suhrawardy inherited the political talent in succession. Though born in an aristocratic family, the misery of the marginalized greatly touched Suhrawardy.

At the age of only 26, he got involved in law business. Later, in order to change the fate of the oppressed people of India, Suhrawardy leaned into politics alongside law business. In the first phase of his political life, he was elected a member of the Bengal Legislative Assembly in 1921 at the age of 29. His political expertise as an influential member of this organization draws everyone’s attention. He then became the general secretary of the Calcutta Khelafat Committee and was elected the Deputy Mayor of the City Corporation of Calcutta. He was appointed as the head the Ministry of Commerce and Labour in 1937. In 1943, Premier K. Nazimuddin eventually appointed him to lead the Ministry of Civil Supply. After winning the general election held in 1946, Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy became the Prime Minister of undivided Bengal. He served as the Prime Minister of Bengal till 7 August 1947.

After the independence from British, in 1953, an influential opposition political forum named the `United Front` was formed with several political parties in order to overthrow the ruling Muslim League government from East Pakistan. Suhrawardy was one of its top leaders. The United Front won general elections in East Pakistan held in 1954. In the historic general election, the ruling Muslim League of East Pakistan suffered a severe defeat. It was called as the historic victory of Suhrawardy`s successful political life. Shaheed Suhrawardy was elected Prime Minister of Pakistan on 12 September 1956. But he resigned from this post on 16 October 1957, due to the prediction of military rule in Pakistan politics, extreme conspiracy and various political disagreements. Through this resignation, he has been identified the real politician who is above of greed and lust. He could have retained the post if he wanted. As it could cause bloodshed, he chose to remain firm with his decision.

After the martial law was imposed in Pakistan in 1958, Suhrawardy was arrested by the military rulers. He was released after a few months though. After being released Suhrawardy got involved into broader movement against military rule with a view to establishing democracy. Under his leadership, democratic movement was consolidated throughout Pakistan. At that time, when the movement of democracy in Pakistan was at its peak, unfortunately he became physically sick. He then went to Beirut for treatment and left his last breath there.

Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy was the vigilant sentinel of democracy. In any situation of political life, democracy was his prime principle. On his death anniversary we remember this great leader with respect.


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