Today marks the 62nd death anniversary of the powerful novelist who is considered one of the leading lights of modern Bengali fiction, Manik Bandopadhyay. On this day of 1956, he left his last breath in Kolkata, India at the age of only 48.
Prabodh Kumar Bandhopaddhay was born on May 19, 1908, in a city named Dumka in Bihar, later who was widely recognized as Manik Bandopadhyay. He was the eighth among his fourteen siblings. His journey in literature was quite confident. His first printed short story `Atashi Mami` is also the result of this confidence. While studying honors in Presidency College in Kolkata, he wrote this story by betting with a friend. It was published in `Bichitra` magazine.
Manik Bandopadhyay was one of Bengali writers who started the revolutionary trend in the Bengali literary world, after the First World War. He started writing to share many diverse experiences of his life with others. The main content of his writings was the artificiality of the middle class, the struggles of the working people, and destiny. He was deeply influenced by Freudian psychoanalytic and Marxist class conflict theory, which got reflected in his writings. Since he was associated with the Communist Party from 1944 till his death, in his writings, the effect of communism is quite noticeable.
Manik Bandopadhyay wrote 36 novels and more than two hundred short stories in his 28 years of literary career. His compositions such as Janani, Diba Ratrir Kabya, Padma Nadir Majhi, Putul Nacher Itikatha, Ahimsa, Darpan, Atashi Mami, Pragoitihashik are considered as great sources of Bengali literature. Moreover, his writings have been translated into many foreign languages.
This novelist has observed people`s life and problems in a strange way and tried to solve them through his own way. He brought innovation and modernity in Bengali novel. With his lively language he exposed an unusual logical explanation of the complexity of human mind.
Plagued simultaneously by illness and financial crises, this strong literary figure said in his last time that "Without ensuring the sources of food, nobody should come to literature in this country." Even after living with extreme poverty, Manik Bandopadhyay chose the literary work as the sole resort of his life and livelihood. He clearly expressed every shade of poverty through his pen. Only he can write down the classic line, "God resides in that elite society, He will not be found here."