Today marks the 68th death anniversary of Bengali author and one of the leading writers of modern Bengali literature Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay. On this day of 1950, he died in Kolkata at the age of 56.He earned fame mainly by writing
novels and short stories.
Bandyopadhyay was born on 12 September 1894 at Kanchrapara, West Bengal, India to Mahananda Bandyopadhyay and Mrinalini Devi. His father was a Sanskrit scholar and story-teller (Kathak) by profession.
Bibhutibhushan was meritorious since his childhood. Following a first division placement in the Entrance and Intermediate Arts examinations, he completed his undergraduate degree with Economics, History and Sanskrit at the Surendranath College (then Ripon College), Kolkata.In 1918, he passed BA examination with distinction from the same college. After that, he chose teaching as his profession. Bibhutibhushan`s literary career began in 1921 while his first short story, "Upekshita" published in Prabasi, one of Bengal`s leading literary magazines of that time. He has shown a great level of efficiency in writing the novels. Although he had touched upon all forms of novels but his social novels brought him immense popularity. He finished his famous novel `Pather Panchali ` in 1928 and this novel brought Bibhutibhushan to prominence in Bengali literature. This novel and its sequel `Aparajito`, were subsequently translated into numerous languages. He wrote a total of 14 novels and most famous ones among them are PatherPanchali, Aparajito, Apur Sansar, and Ashani Sanket.
Along with the novels, Bibhutibhushan also composed some 20 short stories and a few travelogue and diaries. Satyajit Ray`s internationally acclaimed film `PatherPanchali` was mainly based on Bibhutibhushan novel. In 1951, for the novel `Ichhamati` he received the highest literary award of West Bengal (posthumous) Rabindra Puraskar.
Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhyay`s works are largely set in rural Bengal, with characters from that area. Many of his novels are set in the city of Bongaon, including Pather Panchali, Adarsha Hindu Hotel, Ichamati and Bipiner Sansar. He represented the rural society and lives of the rural people in a finest way through his writings. And this has made his novels remarkable to all the readers.