The topic of one-eleven is once more heating up in the political dymanics of Bangladesh as Awami League General Secretary Obaidul Quader has claimed that the members of the one-eleven government are getting vocal again. The Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) is conspiring to reinstate the one-eleven government in the country after it failed to start a movement. On the other hand, BNP Secretary General Mirza Fakhrul said the one-eleven government ascended to power because of AL. Therefore, AL should step down From power.
On January 11, 2017, the army-backed caretaker government assumed power, introducing anarchy in the country, following the end of the term of the BNP-Jamaat administration on October 28, 2006. At that time, the provision of caretaker government was in the constitution of the country. Article 58 C (3) of the Constitution states ‘The President shall appoint as Chief Adviser the person who among the retired Chief Justices of Bangladesh retired last and who is qualified to be appointed as an Adviser.’ The ruling BNP amended the Constitution by enhancing the age limit of the retirement of HC judges that would allow Justice Hasan to become the Chief Adviser of the next Caretaker Government. AL clearly stated that it would not join the election under KM Hasan and started a strong movement. In the face of a chaotic situation, KM Hasan denied becoming the Chief Adviser to the next Caretaker Government. However, President Iajuddin Ahmed did not follow the next rule to select the caretaker government head and announced himself to be the head of it. AL decided to observe his activities closely. But, for making partial decisions one after another, Iajuddin turned out to be a very controversial figure. During that time, Jatiya Party Chairman HM Ershad was declared ineligible to take part in the election by the High Court, as he was found guilty in a case. After this, all the political parties boycotted the election. On the other hand, Iajuddin remained unmoved to hold the election on January 22. The foreign diplomats and a fraction of the civil society of the country proposed to form a new caretaker government because of the country becoming unstable, anarchic and vicious. The army also supported such a proposition. So, the main object of the one-eleven government was to free the people of the country From anarchy, terrorism, and miserable public life, and prepare the country for a free, fair and credible election. However, Fakhruddin Ahmed conducted a drive against the politicians after he took over the responsibility of the caretaker government. Instead of an election, it envisaged to remain in power for a long time. His government even tried to implement the ‘minus two formula’, which was to remove the AL and BNP chiefs From politics. However, the people rejected the idea of running the country by the civil society. Even though the caretaker government sent both party heads into the jail, the unelected government could not stay in power for more than two years.
Now the question is, is there another possibility of one-eleven government in Bangladesh? It is undeniable that except for India, other Embassies which were behind the introduction of the one-eleven government have become active again. The embassies are holding meetings with the civil society. The civil society is also active in this conspiracy. But it is true that behind the Fakhruddin government coming to power, there were two other reasons- one was the country’s political instability and violence, and the other one was the role of the army. Now, there is no instability in the country. The people of this country rejected the politics of violence and terrorism in 2014 and 2015. The opposition party has no courage to carry out those types of activities again. The Bangladesh army is no longer the army of 2007. Now the army is more professional, efficient and of international standards.
And most importantly, there is no chance for the one-eleven government to return to power. According to the article 7 (a) of the constitution, it will be identified as state insurgency if someone takes power unconstitutionally. Therefore, the one-eleven is now a slogan and political stunt. In reality, the chance of the one-eleven government getting back to power is very little.