It was five o`clock in the morning of 11 August, 1908. The British government has brought an 18-year-old boy on scaffold. Before executing, the authorities asked the teenager to express his last wish. The teenager said, "I am efficient in making bomb, I want to teach it to the people of India before death." The authority was overwhelmed observing the mental firmness of that teenager. The 18-year-old teenager who was hanged to death on that dawn was the youngest revolutionary in the beginning of the Indian Independence Movement, Khudiram Bose.
Khudiram was born on 3 December 1889 in Midnapore District under the Bengal Presidency of subservient India. An orphan Khudiram was raised by his elder sister Aparupa Roy.
Khudhiram had unlimited interest in bold and daring activities from his early childhood. While studying at Midnapore Collegiate School, he met with revolutionary Satyendranath Bosu through a friend. After coming to know about Khudiram`s unlimited courage and love for country Satyendranath included him as a member of the anti-imperialist `Jugantar` party. Khudiram was arrested for distributing pamphlets against the British rule in India at the age of just 15. Later the police withdrew the case due to his tender age.
At that time, Douglas Kingsford, the Chief Magistrate of the Presidency court of Alipore became desperate to punish the revolutionaries in a sedition case. The revolutionaries first decided to kill Kingford so that they could tremble the foundation of British rule. This responsibility was given to Khudiram Bose. Prafulla Chaki, another revolutionary of Rangpur, was made his collaborator. On April 30, 1908, the attack was carried out on Kingsford. However, due to some misunderstanding two British women were killed instead of Kingsford.
Khudiram was caught in the next morning. To avoid the arrest, Prafulla Chaki committed suicide. The trial of accused Khudiram was started on 21 May 1908. During the trial surprisingly no advocate from Calcutta or Midnapore stood in favor of Khudiram. At last, some advocates from Rangpur from East Bengal fought for Khudiram. After all their efforts, the court ordered Khudiram to be hanged.
After Khudiram`s death, an established British newspaper, The Empire, wrote: "Khudiram Bose was executed this morning. It is alleged that he mounted the scaffold with his body erect. He was cheerful and smiling."
According to Hemchandra Kanungo, "Khudiram had a simple tendency to do the most daunting task by avoiding the death threat. His nature strongly possessed courage like a drug. And he had a strong sense of unjust and oppression." Our national poet Kazi Nazrul Islam wrote a poem honoring him.
Khudiram Basu was that flame whose death lit the fire for freedom. Looking for the free air he embraced a rugged death. The revolutionaries who dreamed of an independent land, Khudiram Bose is one of them. On his death anniversary we remember him with great reverence.
Bangla Insider/ SM