His father wanted him to keep a distance from poetry. But it happened the other way around as poetry became his first love. So at one point, he started writing poems under a pseudonym, inspired by Czech poet Jan Neruda`s name. His real name was Ricardo Eliécer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto, however, he was better known by his pen name and, later, legal name Pablo Neruda. Pablo Neruda is one of the best-known poets in the world, who is equally respected for his poems worldwide even after his death. Love, frustration, nature, politics and everyday life are the key themes of his poetry. He wanted to go beyond himself throughout his entire life. He is called `Poet of Love and Politics`. Today marks his 114th birth anniversary. On this day of 1904, he was born in Parral, Maule Region, Chile.
During his lifetime he was acknowledged as a legend. He strongly carried the idealism of Marxism in politics. His political philosophy brought him a broad acceptance in socialist and third world countries. He occupied many diplomatic positions in various countries during his lifetime and served a term as a Senator for the Chilean Communist Party. Neruda has done active politics, wrote political poems, but never compromised in the perfection of literature. His poetry that contains love and political and social reality at the same time made him popular among all readers. His initial writings comprised love and despair. Since 1940, he persisted toward social realization and leftist thinking took possession over him gradually.
His poems are so rich and in their own style that they cannot be included in a particular category or type. Still, his writings were divided into four categories. The first section contains poems of love and despair-sadness. Among these, the noble is `Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair` and `The Captain`s Verses `. Second stage poems are written from the experience of loneliness and persecution, such as `Residence on Earth`. The third stage poetries are epic. `General Study` is notable in this stage. He also wrote poetry about the real-life incidents, such as Elementary Odes.
Neruda has experienced various emotions and experiences in his life, these closely watched and realized emotions are reflected in his poems. Absolute joy and extreme grief also affected Neruda`s poems like his person`s life. In 1971, he won the Nobel Prize for Literature. There is a debate about his reward for this political activity.
This great poet died on September 23, 1973, in Santiago, Chile, from the blood cancer (leukemia).